Tuesday, January 14, 2014

K18: Martin Luther King Jr.'s Birthday

There are lots of options in this story time lesson for you to adapt to your class's needs.  Songs, poems, stories, videos... because this is more academic and less "fun" than some of our weeks, have a back up plan for what to do if one segment of the story time isn't engaging the kids.               

Intent: The lasting contributions of Dr. King are the focus of this week’s lesson.  We celebrate his life in a positive way, throwing a party to thank him and celebrate his life and deeds.  Students start selecting books with shelf markers this week, too!

                                                1 a, c, f, g             Print Awareness
                                                2 b, c, e, i             Rhymes & Phonological Awareness
                                                3 a                          Phonics
                                                4 a, b                     Prediction & Reading Strategies
                                                6 a,                         Story Elements
                                                7                              Poetry
                                                8 a, b                     Retell Stories, Story Elements
                                                9                              Author’s Purpose
                                                10 b, c, d              Predict, Evaluate & Retell Stories
            12 a, b                 identify various forms & techniques of media
                                                18 a                        Oral & Written Conventions
                                                19 a                        Generate Questions
                                                20 a                        Whole Group Research
                                                21 a, b                   Library Procedures
                                RC(fig19) a,b,d,f,e           Read Assorted Literature, Generate Questions,
Whole Group Research, Predictions/Inference,
Pair Fiction & Non-Fiction, Retell and Summarize Stories
Reading Comprehension
                                                n/a                         Book Selection

a.      Welcome Song:  Welcome to the Library (To “London Bridge is Falling Down.”)
Welcome to the library, library, library.
Welcome to the library, please come inside and read.
We’re glad to have you here today, here today, here today.
We’re glad to have you here today, today’s a special day.

Welcome Song 2 : Shake My Sillies Out(because we’re going to do a bit of sitting, let’s be active first!)
I’m gonna shake shake shake my sillies out,
and wiggle my worries away
(sing as many times as you need to to tire them out a little!)

c. Set Library Behavioral Expectations: (reinforce / commend examples)

NO MYSTERY BAG THIS WEEK, sorry!  Suggest an idea to me (mlynn@dentonisd.org) for next year.

e.  Word of the Week:  (Forms a cornerstone of the lesson, aids in understanding and connecting text themes)
i.                    English: FAIR – fairness is when things are equal, and people are playing by the rules  Say it, syllabicate it, spell it in the air.
ii.                  Spanish: equitativo EK-ee-ta-TEE-vo
iii.                ASL (American Sign Language.)  Sign language is a real language where people use their hands to communicate.  Here is the sign for fair, or equal:  hold your fingers out strait (so they make a 90-degree angle-model this don’t say it!) from your palms.  Now touch your fingertips together so they are level and tap twice.  That’s equal!  That’s it!  http://www.aslpro.com/cgi-bin/aslpro/aslpro.cgi

f.         Intent & Agenda:  Today we are celebrating a special birthday:  a man named Martin Luther King Jr.  Next Monday, our whole school will be closed and you will have an extra holiday, so today we will find out today who Dr. King, the person we honor next Monday, was, and we will celebrate his birthday together.

2. STORY #1: We Remember Martin Luther King, Jr.  Scholastic Weekly Readers Make-A-Book Level K, January 2003.  (Accessed January 13, 2014, from Ebsco Searchasaurus.)
a.  Pre-reading:  This is a non-fiction book: help students predict it will be about facts, not stories.   It’s also very tiny, so making multiple copies or snuggling is a good idea.

b.  READ:  illustrations are a great match to text in this book- point out examples of how people in the illustrations are doing the things mentioned in the text.

c.  Reflection:  How Are They Getting Along? The big idea of this book is about GETTING ALONG, treating each other kindly.  Look at the extension activity of pg. 8 of the book and find examples of people “getting along.”  (Sharing computer, smiling, talking to each other in a friendly way…) How do we get along with others here at school?  Ask for responses.

d.       Activity: choice of song
 May There Always be Friendship
        May there always be friendship, song and motions.

MLK Song  Sung to “Farmer in the Dell”
Oh, Martin Luther King, Oh, Martin Luther King
He said I have a dream, Oh, Martin Luther King.

Oh what is Martin’s dream?  Oh, what is Martin’s dream?
He dreams we’ll all be friends, Yes, that is Martin’s dream.

3.  POEM:  Choice from two
 (Song…) Make new friends, but keep the old, one is silver and the other gold. 
A circle is round, it has no end, that is how long I will be your friend.
            Classic song, classic rhyme.

All the Colors of the Earth by Shiela Hamanaka (William Morrow, 1994.) 
            This poem-book has great pictures and a great message- it also segues nicely into the garland activity later in the day.

4.  Resource 2: PebbleGo Social Studies: Holidays:  MLK Jr. Day   (accessed from databases January 13, 2014)
            Pre-reading: Now that we know a little about the life of MLK, let’s learn some more about the holiday
Read:  Use vocabulary of technology, like “cursor” “webpage” “text” “graphics.”  Take time to look at definitions of unknown words and answer questions.
Reflection:  What will we do on MLK Day to make the world a more loving, kind, peaceful place (Ideas- smiling, vowing not to fight with siblings, helping parents, saying thank you and please all day, holding doors open for people, calling a loved one who lives far away, cleaning up trash, donating used goods to needy…)
Extension: I Celebrate MLK: song by “Harry Kindergarten” on You Tube http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wQy1o6JVPIQ accessed January 13, 2014

5. ACTIVITY (pick one)
a.      Birthday Garland:  student pick a color representing all the colors of people of the world, teacher writes their wish for peace on it and connects it to the other chains in the garland.  (I have also seen this done where hands were cut out of multicolored paper and stapled together, but I didn’t find a cutout that would work at school- maybe you have one!)
c.       Ring Bells of Freedom- sing “happy birthday” to MLK, then ring bells for him.

6.  Check out books
Yay!  Students learn about shelf markers today and choose books from the specially-arranged-by-genre cart with help of the library aide.  We’re on our way to getting books the “real” way!

7.  Conclusion
a. Circle:
    i.  review intent
    ii.  word of week in English, Spanish, and ASL.
iii.                closing song (stays the same all year)  open shut them open shut them raise your hands up high.  Open shut them open shut them wave and say goodbye.

b.      Line Up By… Every week, we line up according to different criteria, makes kids pay attention, work on grouping, differentiating among options. (This week, people with Nonfiction vs. E books, SP)

Websites I found helpful in making this lesson:

Need to find another book?

Same, Same But Different

Martin’s Big Words by Doreen Rappaport.  Hyperion, 2001.  Great book, a little over the heads of a kindergarten class, but you could use it for 1st grade and up or for individual reading to your own kindergarten child.

Yo? Yes! Chris Raschka  Simple book teaches acceptance and friendship despite language barriers.
KoKo Rosemary Wells: I haven’t read this one, but the KoKo series shows diversity and multiculturalism and each book generally teachers a character lesson (lying, teasing, laziness) in a positive and gentle way.
The crayon box that talked.  Many activities about this book, making the analogy of different colors living in harmony in the crayon box, each with its own contribution.
American Holidays:  Martin Luther King Day = Celebraciones en los estados unidos:  Natalicio de Martin Luther King Jr.  Excellent bilingual book with big photos and simple words.  PebbleGo is more interactive, but if you don’t have an online encyclopedia that’s appropriate, this would be a great option.

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